Ben is now numerate. He can read numbers. It started with bus numbers--the 25, 43, and 48 are all buses we can take to get to his childcare--and has extended now far beyond! The 44, 45, 217, 74, and other buses are within his purview. He's making numbers up, too, and can read numbers that he hasn't heard me say, so it's not memorization.
I never thought of numeracy preceding literacy.